New York Personal Injury Law Blog » privacy


August 17th, 2009

PACER Getting Easier for Thieves to Use via RECAP The Law

PACER is the federal court’s system for electronic filing (Public Access to Court Electronic Records). And it is now getting easier and cheaper to access tons of filed documents with a new tool from the do-gooders at Princeton University. And this will, in turn, open up new windows of opportunity for thieves to steal data and identities from court files.

Currently, one method of dissuading thieves is the 8 cents per page charge that PACER charges. While that is little more than chicken feed for most cases, the money would add up quickly for thieves trying to download court files in bulk and then go hunting for data and identities to swipe. When you think about it, most every deposition contains tons of background information on people, and that says nothing about the numerous other filings that could contain additional valuable data. I wrote about this last month in Client Privacy and the Courthouse File:

Those records may contain social security numbers, birth dates and places, maiden names, kids names, schools attended, and the answer to almost any other type of “security” question that people ask in order to verify identities.

But as Carolyn Elefant writes at Legal Blog Watch, the times they are a changin’ as The Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton University has started its RECAP the Law project. “RECAP” is PACER spelled backwards, and it seeks to “recapture” the law. It does this by a little Firefox program that adds every downloaded (and paid for) document to an online repository, making it easier (and free) for others to access data. RECAP describes itself like this:

RECAP is an extension (or “add on”) for the Firefox web browser that improves the PACER experience while helping PACER users build a free and open repository of public court records. RECAP users automatically donate the documents they purchase from PACER into a public repository hosted by the Internet Archive. And RECAP saves users money by alerting them when a document they are searching for is already available from this repository. RECAP also makes other enhancements to the PACER experience, including more user-friendly file names.

Elefant is a fan of the system, as are others. With PACER, you need the name of the case in order to obtain a document, throwing an extra hurdle in the way of searching for information. RECAP allows for word searches, thereby opening it up wide to go record hunting. RECAP is easier and cheaper. (Update: According to comments, the Google search feature is now disabled for this very reason.)

With so many people in favor of this new system to access the court files (see links below), I’m left to play the curmudgeon and give the concept of easy access a big thumbs down.

Now I’m not against this based on any issue of legality. Court files are public records, after all. The hurdles in obtaining records had both a pro and con. The easier they are to access, the better for lawyers and litigants. But it’s also easier for the criminal element.

So consider this post a big, fat yellow caution banner about what types of information gets filed. A simple hospital or doctor’s office record that is annexed to a routine discovery motion, for example, may be all a thief needs to steal an identity.

While those that deal with public policy issues may rejoice in the easy worldwide availability of information filed in my local courthouse, the lawyer in the trenches had damn well proceed with even more caution than before for every paper and exhibit that gets filed. Ease of use is generally lauded by all. But the failure to recognize its downside could result in significant damage to a client.

See also:

Links to this post:

privacy concerns raised about recap
okay, i am definitely late to the game on this one, but there has apparently been a lot of discussion and concern about the new recap system introduced by princeton university. because it costs 8 cents per page to download court

posted by Dissent @ August 27, 2009 12:08 PM

information should be free, unless you’re already paying for it
quoted text of an email i just received from the clerk of the united states district court for eastern north carolina: the court would like to make cm/ecf filers aware of certain security concerns relating to a software application or

posted by Patrick @ August 24, 2009 5:45 PM

federal court using scare tactics to block sharing of public records
it appears that the us courts, concerned about competition from software that offers the possibility of widespread free access to documents filed on federal judicial dockets, for which the public would otherwise have to pay the courts
posted by Paul Levy @ August 21, 2009 6:30 PM

4 thoughts on “PACER Getting Easier for Thieves to Use via RECAP The Law

  1. Eric,

    You are right that there are serious privacy concerns related to release of many documents. When PACER was first being developed, the Administrative Office of the Courts held many public hearings on this matter and the best solution was not to limit privacy, but rather, limit the type of information that is filed. For example, as far as I can tell, there is no reason for any publicly filed document to ever include a social security number or other similarly sensitive information. In addition, courts should act liberally in granting protective orders to keep documents offline and thus, beyond the reach of the RECAP spider.

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) where I practice energy law has had electronic files online for at least a dozen years. Often, utility filings contain “critical energy infrastructure information” which terrorists could use to compromise the power system. However, companies are allowed to redact this information from public filings, and the public can access the documents at FERC or by filing a FOIA request.

    Granted this may be a hassle, but it strikes the right balance between privacy and freedom on information.
    # posted by Blogger Carolyn Elefant : August 18, 2009 1:27 AM

  2. Carolyn:

    You are correct about limiting the info to be filed. I think the ease of access ramps up the need for vigilance among counsel.

    I have routinely kept certain info out of state filings for years, and that is without any broad-based e-filing. Yet many of my opponents react as if they have never seen anyone do this before.

    So these dangers are something that, I think, must clearly be amplified over and over.
    # posted by Blogger Eric Turkewitz : August 18, 2009 6:33 AM

  3. “RECAP allows for word searches”

    Actually it doesn’t. We disabled Google searches for precisely the reason you identified. It would be great if you could correct this part of your post. Thanks!
    # posted by Anonymous Timothy B. Lee : August 18, 2009 11:52 AM

  4. allows anyone to retrieve Pacer dockets for free. No Pacer account or Firefox Plugin required.
    # posted by Anonymous Anonymous : August 19, 2009 7:34 AM